POLITICIAN TALKS ABOUT MARINE
Politicians have an important role in enliven development in a country and influence the government policies (executive branch) indeed. Through this discussion, it is expected the politicians can express their views about how marine become a national development mainstream. Indonesia is abundant in sea wealth and potential, but up to this present time marine has not become a national development mainstream. This is due to national development paradigm that in the implementation is still oriented to the mainland (continental oriented), not archipelagic state oriented. This was conveyed by Secretary of Indonesia Marine Board, Prof.Dr.Rizald Max Rompas when opening seminar of Political Perceptions of Marine Sector as National Development Mainstream at Jayakarta Hotel, Jakarta (24 / 2).
Marine consists of various sectors that can be developed to promote and prosperity of Indonesia citizen, such as: catching fisheries, aquaculture, fishery product processing industry, marine biotechnology industry, and mining and energy. Marine can also utilized for marine tourism, marine transportation, commercial services, maritime industries, small islands, non-conventional resources and marine construction (construction and engineering). Treasures and cultural heritage, environmental services, conservation and biodiversity, also include marine resources. Based on the calculation of various institutions and experts, marine economic potential of US$ 82 billion per year if it is managed optimally. The estimation of potential economic value and Indonesia's marine wealth that been calculated by the experts and institutions within one year include: fishery worth for US$ 31.935.651.400, sustainable coastal areas total of US$ 56 billion, marine biotechnology total of US$ 40 billion, maritime tourism US$ 2 trillion, oil of US$ 6,64 billion, and sea transportation for US$ 20 billion.
Therefore, marine development in the future should be directed to achieve four balance goals, there are: (1) sustainable high economic growth; (2) improving the welfare of the whole business, particularly the fishermen, fish farmers, and other small-scale marine communities; (3) maintaining environmental sustainability and marine resources; and (4) makes the sea as a unifier and straighten nation sovereignty.
This year Indonesia carrying out the democratic party, which is the General Elections to choose members of parliament and the election of the President and Vice President. The existence of legislative institutions (Parliament) considered important to the development of marine in the future because these institutions have legislation function and role, budget and controller of executive institution activities. Based on this condition, we need to know politicians perception as a potential future legislative and government, to see the concept and their support to marine development as national development mainstream in fore.
In order to create understanding and the ability of politicians to marine as the implementation of Basic Law 1945 Article 25A (amademen results) "Indonesia is an state island with archipelago characteristic" and Law No.17 Year 2008 on Long-Term Development Plan (RPJP) Year 2005-2030 which includes one of the mission "Indonesia as advance,iIndependent, fair and prosper state island", then the policies and it national development programs, the paradigm should be changed, from continental paradigm to archipelagic state paradigm with 4 (four) objectives, which are: (1) build a national consensus towards Indonesia as a strong and tough state island in the world, (2) to see how far programs of political parties in Indonesia stand up for marine as a source of national economy, (3) changing of government thinking patterns and acting pattern from mainland paradigm to archipelagic state paradigm (in fact marine area is wider than the mainland) which ultimately affect the changes of Indonesian society characteristic, and (4) obtain a perception of politicians in to stand up for sustainable Indonesia's marine development.
Jakarta, February 2009
Head of Center for Data, Statistic and Information